History of Ysleta del Sur Pueblo
Travel Down the Mission Trail
Scholars' Bookshelf
Missions Bibliography
Ysleta Bibliography
Roster of El Paso Area Tribal Leaders
Native American Water Use Chronology
Tigua Military History
Early Accounts & Bibliography
Tigua Participation at Texas State Fair
Travel Links & More
Ysleta Land Grant Chronology
Acknowledgments / Resources
Roster of El Paso Area Tribal Leaders

Tigua, Piro, Manso & Suma Pueblos

Identified from Documentary Sources with Research Notes

By Nicholas P. Houser, MPH, MA

August 15, 2006

Introduction: The following is a partial listing of Tribal Leaders of El Paso del Norte (1663-2006) representing the Tigua, Piro, Manso, and Suma communities, as well as a record of Tigua Indians in civil government. Please refer to the Tigua bibliography in this website for specific citations. References with critical notes have been provided by the compiler.

Name                           Title                          Date                                Source

Tribal Leaders: Ysleta del Sur Pueblo (Tigua)


Bartolo Pique, Captain of War, passed muster with thirty Christian Indians of the Tigua Nation (Houser research files: Hackett 1916:47). Bartolo Pique, War Captain, Tiwa, participated in the attempted reconquest by Otermin in 1681 (does not identify which Tigua Pueblo) (Houser research files: Hammond 1942:VIII:202). Research note: Bill Wright identifies Juan de Ortega as War Captain in 1680 and Bartolo Pique in 1681 (Wright 1993:146; note: his sources cited on page 151).


Francisco [Research note: must be Francisco Tilagua], Governor of  Ysleta (El Paso area (Houser research files: Twitchell 1914:II:73).


Francisco Tilagua, the loyal governor of Ysleta, March 1684, reports Manso plot to Governor Jironza (Houser research files: Hughes 1935:338; Jenkins 1989:27). (Note: this last name, Tilagua, is cited on page 13 by Rick Hendricks 1996 concerning rebellion of 1711 and states that Miguel Tilagua was living in San Lorenzo. He may have been Suma because a Suma interpreter went to question him in San Lorenzo (or perhaps the Suma interpreter spoke Tigua or both languages were mutually intelligible). Juan de Ortega, identified as Lieutenant or Lieutenant Governor (for Francsico Tilagua, Tigua governor) (Houser research files: Hughes 1915:338).

Research note: Bill Wright identifies Juna Moro, Tribal Governor and Ynpiquire Pesoni as 1st Capitan in 1684 (Wright1993:146).

Juan Moro, Tigua Governor, (presumably of Corpus Christi de la Isleta, i.e. Ysleta del Sur Pueblo (Hughes 1935:336).

Francisco Tilagua, Tigua Governor, and Juan de Ortega, Lieutenant Governor, on March 14, 1684, warn Spanish authorities of planned Manso revolt in the El Paso area (Houser research files: Jenkins 1989:27; Hughes 1935:338).

Juan Moro, Tigua governor (aslo interpreter for Spanish authorities) (Houser research files:Hughes 1935:336).


Juan Moro, Tigua Governor of Ysleta (Houser research files: Jenkins 1989:27; Jenkins 1989: 28; Walz 1951: 173). On Feb. 12, 1685, Governor Moro of the Tigua Indians brought to Governor Jironza a tribeman named Lucas with information concerning the status of New Mexico. Lucas and a companion had visited New Mexico and learned that the Tiguas and Santo Domingo Queres wanted the Spaniards to return to protect them from the Apaches (Houser research files: Jenkins 1989:27).Jenkins 1989: 28). Juan Moro, the Tigua governor, is one of the Indians in 1684 who alerted the Spanish authorities of the plan of the revolt plan of the Mansos and other dissident Indians (Houser research files:Hughes 1935:336; Jenkins 1989:27).

Francisco Tilagua, Tigua Governor of Ysleta (Jenkins 1989: 27; Walz 1951: 173).

In March 1683, Tilagua and another Tigua inform Governor Jironza of the Manso plot to rebel (Jenkins 1989:27).


Tomás de la Cruz, the governor of Ysleta (Hendricks 1996:15, concerning 1711 Rebellion) Research note: Juan Domingo, Cacque or Tribal Chief of Ysleta (Wright 1993:146).


Juan Domingo, cacique, and Lauren [Lorenzo ?] Piarote, governor of Ysleta in 1764. They are also listed in 1766 (Hendricks: 1993: The Tiguas and Their Guests, page 27). Research note: Wright records in 1764, for Ysleta: Juan Domingo, Cacique and Lorenzo Piarote, Tribal Governnor (Wright 1993:146).


Miguel Francisco, Tribal Governor of Ysleta, 1781 (Wright 1993:146).


Manso Indians - Indios del Plaza del Chamisal, Reel 1, Archives of the Cathedral of Cd. Juárez). Note: This source indicates the early, documented presence of Native Americans in the Chamizal. No historical studies have been published that document that the Chamizal was a native American community, and their legacy unfortunately has been not recognized by the exhibits of the Chamzal National Memorial.


Miguel Francisco, Tribal Governor of Ysleta (Wright 1993:146).

1784 & 1787 Censuses

#811. Miguel Francisco, Tribal Governor of Ysleta Pueblo, widower, 37 years of age (page 56, Hendricks:1992:Two Spanish Colonial Censuses of the El Paso Area: 1784 and 1787).

#780 Don José María Durán, Espanol, married, Justice of the Peace for the Pueblo (page 53).


Miguel Francisco, governor, widower, 37 years old (Hendricks 1992:53).

1790 Census

See: Houser research files for large file of photocopies of documents from Ayuntamiento de El Paso del Norte, 1790 census, Ysleta. Frame 03387-. Juan Npoval [?] Marques, worker, Indian. Tomas Chuafa, worker Indian. Juan Domingo Chiquina, worker Indian. Juan Tomas Marques, Indian worker [worker means farmer or agricultural worker]. Ascenis Cacique (frame 0393).

1790, Asencio, Tribal Cacique of Ysleta recorded without citation (Wright 1993:146).