History of Ysleta del Sur Pueblo
Travel Down the Mission Trail
Scholars' Bookshelf
Missions Bibliography
Ysleta Bibliography
Roster of El Paso Area Tribal Leaders
Native American Water Use Chronology
Tigua Military History
Early Accounts & Bibliography
Tigua Participation at Texas State Fair
Travel Links & More
Ysleta Land Grant Chronology
Acknowledgments / Resources

Chronology of Pertinent Events Ysleta Grant






Texas Compact

Federal control and

Jurisdiction of Ysleta

Transfer to State of Texas (Indian rights ignored). Present day boundaries of Texas established.

Texas State Leg. 1850


People of Ysleta complained to Governor Bell of Texas about American abuses (bogus land surveyors and bullies)

Ysleta Indians and Ysleta Grant are unprotected

Texas State Archives

Winfrey & Day 1966.


El Paso County created

Ysleta subject to jurisdiction of El Paso County which threatened tribal sovereignty

Texas State Leg. 1850

Houser 1994


International boundary survey completed.

Ysleta Grant formally bisected almost in half by international boundary, which was fixed at mid-stream.

Bowden 1971

Houser 1994

Gammel 189


Survey of Ysleta Grant by W.L. Diffenderfer

Recognized the 1751 Grant and attempted to establish grant boundaries

Bowden 1971

El Paso County Records

Houser 1994, 1996


People of Ysleta petition to Bishop of Durango against abuses of Anglo-Americans (signed by Indians and non-Indians).

People of Ysleta, Indians included, formally complain against America abuses

Houser Research File (Photocopy of document).


Ysleta Relinquishment Acts:

Act for Relief of Inhabitants of Ysleta (Senecú Grant north of River)

Act to Relinquish to Inhabitants of Ysleta (Town Grant or Ysleta Grant)

Recognition of 1751 Ysleta Grant

State of Tex Leg 1850

Bowden 1971

Houser 1994


The Inhabitants of Ysleta Grant patented to the Inhabitants of Ysleta (but not issued until 1873)

Communal lands protected by this act. Indian rights ignored by non-Indian politicians and State of Texas

Bowden 1971


General Act to Incorporate Towns and Cities Approved by Texas Legislature

Communal lands are

Protected (Indian rights ignored)

State of Tex Leg. 1858


First Incorporation: Ysleta Incorporation under 1858 Act

Created by non-Indians ("free Males") includes the Town & the entire grant. Non-Indians attempted to perfect titles (lands subject to taxation)

(Indian rights ignored)

Dexter Papers

Houser 1994

Texas State Leg.


Civil War disrupts tranquility of Ysleta and places region under Southern control

Confederacy Assumed brief control of El Paso area (first incorporation continued)

Broaddus 1963

Houser 1994


Union troops control El Paso. Military occupation followed by decade of Reconstructionist Control

Tigua Indian sovereignty

Threatened. Federal and Reconstructionist governments controlled El Paso area (first incorporation continues)

Houser 1994:I;II

Houser 1996


Tigua Tribe petitions to El Paso del Norte Town Council to relocate their pueblo to the Mexican side of the river (Zaragoza) to avoid abuses of American Government. Petitioned signed by tribal members.

Tribal request not realized and several Indian families relocate to Zaragoza, Mexico.

Ayuntamiento Archives

Houser 1994

Jenkins 1989

Phillips 1926


Texas Constitution of 1869 Art. 12, Sect. 40, Prohibited Spec. Acts of Incorporation of towns and cities

Ignored by 1871 and 1885 incorporations of Ysleta

Sayles 1888

Wallace 1960


Second Incorporation of Ysleta (includes town and the entire grant) Initiated by State Legislation without local election. Incorporation prohibited by 1869

Texas Constitution.

Town of Ysleta attempted to alienate Indian title, & attempted to perfect title and to acquire Ysleta Grant. Indians began to lose possession to the lands and Old Pueblo. Tribal sovereignty threatened. Incorporation permitted conveyancing of "public land". This quasi-legal vehicle attempted to acquire most grant lands for non-Indians. State of Texas aided/abetted process of dissolution of grant lands. Indian land subject to taxation and confiscation. After 1874 expiration of incorporation, a so-called interim incorporation continued to perfect title for non-Indians.

El Paso County Records

Houser 1994, 1996

Jenkins 1989

State of Tex Leg. 1871


Texas Governor issued patent of Ysleta Grant to the Inhabitants of Ysleta (non-Indian incorporation)

Recognized 1751 Ysleta Grant.

Bowden 1971

El Paso County Records

Houser 1994


Disincorporaton of Ysleta

Cover-up attempted conversion of Indian title. Non-existent incorporation Ysleta continued to convey lands and perfect title during the interim period between the second and third incorporations.

El Paso County Records

Houser 1994, 1996


Tigua scouts served Texas Rangers and US Army (began with US Army in the 1850's).

Recognition of Tigua Tribe by US Army and State of Texas

Houser, 1989, 1994, 1996

National Archives

Texas State Archives


Third Incorporation of Ysleta by non-Indians to attempt to perfect titles and acquire remaining portion of Ysleta Grant.

Tigua Indians were, for the most, part landless and employed as laborers and domestics.

El Paso County Records

El Paso Herald Post

El Paso Times

Houser 1994; 1996

US Census Records


Special Relief Act

Attempt to perfect titles within Ysleta Grant

Bowden 1971

Houser 1994

State of Tex Leg


Tribal Power of Attorney for La Prieta Grant Claim

Tribal autonomy asserted and attempted to reclaim traditional lands

El Paso County Records

Houser 1994, 1996


Tribal Compact created by Indians of Ysleta del Sur

Tribal autonomy asserted (includes signatures of male tribal members).

Fewkes 1902

Houser 1995

Jenkins 1989

Tribal Compact


Ysleta Block Grant Survey approved by El Paso County

Surveyed for efficient tax collection and created technical survey of 56 Blocks of the Ysleta Grant. It is a base line for making chain of title.

El Paso County Records

El Paso Herald Post

El Paso Times

Houser 1996


Tigua Indian Act

Reorganized the Tigua Indians of El Paso and Hudspeth County Texas as an Indian Tribe and transferred Trust Responsibility, if any, to the State of Texas.

U.S. Code.


Restoration Act

Restored Trust Status to US.

U.S. Code